TRAPPC1 is essential for the maintenance and differentiation of common myeloid progenitors in mice by Yanan Xu

Myeloid cell development in bone marrow is essential for the maintenance of peripheral immune homeostasis. However, the role of intracellular protein trafficking pathways during myeloid cell differentiation is currently unknown. By mining bioinformatics data, we identify trafficking protein particle complex subunit 1 (TRAPPC1) as continuously upregulated during myeloid cell development. Using inducible ER-TRAPPC1 knockout mice and bone marrow chimeric mouse models, we demonstrate that TRAPPC1…

EMBO Rep. 2022 Nov 28:e55503. doi: 10.15252/embr.202255503. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Myeloid cell development in bone marrow is essential for the maintenance of peripheral immune homeostasis. However, the role of intracellular protein trafficking pathways during myeloid cell differentiation is currently unknown. By mining bioinformatics data, we identify trafficking protein particle complex subunit 1 (TRAPPC1) as continuously upregulated during myeloid cell development. Using inducible ER-TRAPPC1 knockout mice and bone marrow chimeric mouse models, we demonstrate that TRAPPC1 deficiency causes severe monocyte and neutrophil defects, accompanied by a selective decrease in common myeloid progenitors (CMPs) and subsequent cell subsets in bone marrow. TRAPPC1-deleted CMPs differentiate poorly into monocytes and neutrophils in vivo and in vitro, in addition to exhibiting enhanced endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis via a Ca2+ -mitochondria-dependent pathway. Cell cycle arrest and senescence of TRAPPC1-deleted CMPs are mediated by the activation of pancreatic endoplasmic reticulum kinase and the upregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21. This study reveals the essential role of TRAPPC1 in the maintenance and differentiation of CMPs and highlights the significance of protein processing and trafficking processes in myeloid cell development.

PMID:36440617 | DOI:10.15252/embr.202255503

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