The Safety of Adiponectin Receptor Agonist AdipoRon in a Rabbit Model of Arthrofibrosis by Harold I Salmons

Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2023 Mar 16. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEC.2023.0008. Online ahead of print.


AdipoRon is an adiponectin receptor 1, 2 (ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2) agonist with numerous reported physiologic benefits in murine models of human disease, including a proposed reduction in fibrosis. However, AdipoRon has never been investigated in rabbits, which provide a robust model for orthopedic conditions. We examined the safety of intravenous (IV) AdipoRon in New Zealand White (NZW) female rabbits surgically-stressed by a procedure that mimics human arthrofibrosis. Fifteen female NZW rabbits were prospectively studied using increasing AdipoRon doses based on established literature. AdipoRon was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), diluted in normal saline, and administered IV preoperatively and for 5 subsequent days postoperatively. The primary outcome was overall toxicity to rabbits while secondary outcomes were change in rabbit weights and hemodynamics and defining acid-base characteristics of the drug formulation. Two rabbits expired during preoperative drug administration at 25 mg/kg. Remaining rabbits received preoperative doses of DMSO (vehicle), 2.5 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg of AdipoRon without complications. On postoperative day one, one rabbit sustained a tonic-clonic seizure following their second dose of 10 mg/kg AdipoRon. The remaining 12 rabbits (4 in each group) received six serial doses of vehicle, 2.5 mg/kg, or 5mg/kg of AdipoRon without adverse effects. All formulations of AdipoRon were within safe physiologic pH ranges (4-5). We are the first to report the use of IV AdipoRon in a surgically-stressed rabbit model of orthopedic disease. AdipoRon doses of 5mg/kg or less appear to be well-tolerated in female NZW rabbits.

PMID:36924279 | DOI:10.1089/ten.TEC.2023.0008