Stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG)-Guided Surgery in Epilepsy With Cingulate Gyrus Involvement: Electrode Implantation Strategies and Postoperative Seizure Outcome by Piergiorgio d’Orio

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2023 Mar 17. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000001000. Online ahead of print.


Surgical treatment of cingulate gyrus epilepsy is associated with good results on seizures despite its rarity and challenging aspects. Invasive EEG monitoring is often mandatory to assess the epileptogenic zone in these patients. To date, only small surgical series have been published, and a consensus about management of these complex cases did not emerge. The authors retrospectively analyzed a large surgical series of patients in whom at least part of the cingulate gyrus was confirmed as included in the epileptogenic zone by means of stereo-electroencephalography and was thus resected. One hundred twenty-seven patients were selected. Stereo-electroencephalography-guided implantation of intracerebral electrodes was performed in the right hemisphere in 62 patients (48.8%) and in the left hemisphere in 44 patients (34.7%), whereas 21 patients (16.5%) underwent bilateral implantations. The median number of implanted electrodes per patient was 13 (interquartile range 12-15). The median number of electrodes targeting the cingulate gyrus was 4 (interquartile range 3-5). The cingulate gyrus was explored bilaterally in 19 patients (15%). Complication rate was 0.8%. A favorable outcome (Engel class I) was obtained in 54.3% of patients, with a median follow-up of 60 months. The chance to obtain seizure freedom increased in cases in whom histologic diagnosis was type-IIb focal cortical dysplasia or tumor (mostly ganglioglioma or dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor) and with male gender. Higher seizure frequency predicted better outcome with a trend toward significance. Our findings suggest that stereo-electroencephalography is a safe and effective methodology in achieving seizure freedom in complex cases of epilepsy with cingulate gyrus involvement.

PMID:36930225 | DOI:10.1097/WNP.0000000000001000