Preoperative embolization of renal cell carcinoma metastases to the bone prior to stabilization procedures does not result in reduction in intraoperative blood loss by Sebastian Koob

CONCLUSION: Based on our data, preoperative embolization of renal cell carcinoma metastases of the extremities had a negative effect on intraoperative blood loss and the need for fluid substitution and should therefore be avoided. Our data did not show an effect on stabilization procedures of the spine.

Clin Exp Metastasis. 2022 Nov 26. doi: 10.1007/s10585-022-10195-2. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The effect of preoperative embolization of bone metastases prior to stabilization procedures in reducing intraoperative blood loss remains controversial. This study aimed to analyze the effect of preoperative embolization on orthopedic stabilization procedures of the extremities and spine in cases with bone metastases from renal cell carcinomas. In particular, do these patients suffer less blood loss during the operation and do they need lesser fluid replacements or packed red cell bags intra- and perioperatively? Does preoperative embolization reduce the duration of surgery?

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed stabilization procedures of the spine and extremities at our institution between 2011 and 2021 for group differences (embolization vs. no embolization) in terms of blood loss, fluid substitution, need for packed red cell transfusions, tumor size, and duration of surgery.

RESULTS: We reviewed 79 stabilization procedures of the spine (n = 36) and extremities (n = 43), of which 30 included preoperative embolization procedures. Surprisingly, the embolization group showed a statistically significant increase in blood loss, the need for fluid substitution, and red cell transfusions. Subgroup analysis revealed a significant negative effect of preoperative embolization on stabilization procedures of the extremities.

CONCLUSION: Based on our data, preoperative embolization of renal cell carcinoma metastases of the extremities had a negative effect on intraoperative blood loss and the need for fluid substitution and should therefore be avoided. Our data did not show an effect on stabilization procedures of the spine.

PMID:36435893 | DOI:10.1007/s10585-022-10195-2

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