Peripheral neuropathies during systemic diseases: Part II (vasculitis) by L Pacoureau

Primary systemic vasculitides, mainly of the small and medium-sized vessels, are frequently associated with peripheral neuropathies. When the disease is already known, the appearance of a neuropathy should suggest a specific injury, especially when associated with other systemic manifestations. Conversely, when neuropathy is inaugural, close collaboration between neurologists and internists is necessary to reach a diagnosis. A standardized electro-clinical investigation specifying the…

Rev Med Interne. 2023 Mar 14:S0248-8663(23)00003-6. doi: 10.1016/j.revmed.2023.01.003. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Primary systemic vasculitides, mainly of the small and medium-sized vessels, are frequently associated with peripheral neuropathies. When the disease is already known, the appearance of a neuropathy should suggest a specific injury, especially when associated with other systemic manifestations. Conversely, when neuropathy is inaugural, close collaboration between neurologists and internists is necessary to reach a diagnosis. A standardized electro-clinical investigation specifying the topography, the evolution and the mechanism of the nerve damage enables the positive diagnosis of the neuropathy. Several elements orient the etiological diagnosis and allow to eliminate the main differential diagnosis: non systemic vasculitic neuropathy. The existence of associated systemic manifestations (glomerular or vascular nephropathy, interstitial lung disease, intra-alveolar hemorrhage, ENT involvement…), biological markers (ANCA, cryoglobulinemia, rheumatoid factor), and invasive examinations allowing histological analysis (neuromuscular biopsy) are all useful tools for.

PMID:36925342 | DOI:10.1016/j.revmed.2023.01.003

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