Pediatric Non-Infectious Uveitis: Long-Term Outcomes and Complications by Nikos N Markomichelakis

CONCLUSIONS: This study provides clinical characteristics and main complications in a longitudinal long-term follow-up of a large non-infectious pediatric uveitis Greek population. Early diagnosis and close monitoring remain of fundamental importance.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2023 Jan 24:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09273948.2022.2162422. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe the long-term prevalence of ocular complications and visual prognosis in patients with pediatric uveitis.

METHODS: Demographics, etiology and location of uveitis, type of complications, treatment and visual outcomes were recorded in 296 children at first examination and at 1-, 2-, 3-, 5- and 10-year time points.

RESULTS: Αnterior uveitis represented 53.4% of cases, followed by intermediate (28.0%), posterior uveitis (11.1%) and panuveitis (7.4%). The leading diagnoses were idiopathic uveitis (31.1%), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (27.0%) and pars planitis (22.6%). Posterior synechiae was the most frequent complication of anterior uveitis and panuveitis, cystoid macular edema and disc edema of intermediate and posterior uveitis respectively. Posterior uveitis and panuveitis had more severe final vision loss (23.1% and 20% respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: This study provides clinical characteristics and main complications in a longitudinal long-term follow-up of a large non-infectious pediatric uveitis Greek population. Early diagnosis and close monitoring remain of fundamental importance.

PMID:36693268 | DOI:10.1080/09273948.2022.2162422

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