Morphological predictors of neurological deterioration in patients with acute isolated pontine infarct by Chen Wang

CONCLUSIONS: The morphological phenotype of PPI was a potential predictor for ND in patients with acute isolated pontine infarct. The ventro-dorsal length of pontine infarct lesion was possibly associated with ND in PPI patients.

Acta Neurol Belg. 2023 Mar 19. doi: 10.1007/s13760-023-02234-w. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate morphological predictors of neurological deterioration (ND) in patients with acute isolated pontine infarct.

METHODS: Acute isolated pontine infarct patients within 7 days after onset of stroke symptoms were included retrospectively and classified into ND and non-ND groups. Morphological phenotypes (paramedian pontine infarct [PPI], atypical PPI, small deep infarct, and other types), topographical location, and lesion size were evaluated on axial diffusion-weighted imaging.

RESULTS: There were 210 eligible patients, of whom 62 patients had ND (29.5%). The proportion of PPI was significantly higher in ND than that in non-ND (62.9% vs 39.6%). ND occurred more frequently in PPI patients than non-PPI patients (39.8% vs 20.5%). PPI located more frequently in lower pontine (20.4% vs 8.0%) and less in upper pontine (17.3% vs 30.4%, P = 0.028), and had larger ventro-dorsal length (13.8 ± 3.8 vs 9.9 ± 3.1) and width (8.3 ± 2.3 vs 6.2 ± 1.8) than non-PPI patients. The morphological phenotype of PPI was an independent risk factor for ND (OR 4.81, 95%CI 1.54-15.07, P = 0.007) in patients with isolated pontine infarct. The ventro-dorsal length of pontine infarct lesion was associated with ND (OR 1.18, 95%CI 1.01, 1.37, P = 0.034) in PPI patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The morphological phenotype of PPI was a potential predictor for ND in patients with acute isolated pontine infarct. The ventro-dorsal length of pontine infarct lesion was possibly associated with ND in PPI patients.

PMID:36934362 | DOI:10.1007/s13760-023-02234-w

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