CONCLUSION: The RAS(LS) has high efficiency in guiding the differential diagnosis of CA and HHD with similar degree and presentation of LVH. Moreover, LAS values can also provide some useful information and they are closely linked with LV function, CMR feature tracking may provide assistance in the evaluation of LA-LV coupling.
Acad Radiol. 2023 Mar 14:S1076-6332(23)00059-4. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2023.02.003. Online ahead of print.
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Strain measured by feature tracking technique represents the degree of deformation and reflects the systolic and diastolic function of the heart. Our purpose was to evaluate the differential diagnostic value and correlations of left atrial (LA) strain (LAS) and left ventricular (LV) strain (LVS) in cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and hypertensive heart disease (HHD) patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 25 CA patients, 30 sex- and age-matched HHD patients and 20 healthy subjects totally. LAS and LVS were analyzed by CVI42 post-processing software. The efficiency of LAS and LVS in differentiating CA from HHD was compared by receiver operating characteristic curves analysis. Pearson or Spearman’s analysis were used to assess the correlation between LAS and LV parameters.
RESULTS: Both HHD and CA patients had impaired LVS, the gradient of increasing absolute values of longitudinal strain (LS) and radial strain (RS) from the basal to the apical myocardium was most pronounced in the CA group, its relative apical sparing of LS (RASLS) ratio reached 0.91 ± 0.02, significantly higher than other two groups (HHD: 0.72 ± 0.02; controls: 0.56 ± 0.01, all p <0.001). Additionally, except for the booster strain in the HHD group was preserved, all other LAS were reduced in patients’ groups. The RASLS had the best differential diagnostic efficacy with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.930 (p <0.001); The AUCs of LAS all greater than 0.850, above global LS (GLS) (AUC = 0.770, p = 0.001). LAS was notably correlated with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and GLS, with reservoir strain having the greatest correlation with GLS (r = -0.828, p <0.001).
CONCLUSION: The RASLS has high efficiency in guiding the differential diagnosis of CA and HHD with similar degree and presentation of LVH. Moreover, LAS values can also provide some useful information and they are closely linked with LV function, CMR feature tracking may provide assistance in the evaluation of LA-LV coupling.
PMID:36925334 | DOI:10.1016/j.acra.2023.02.003