Investigation of the Electrophysiological and Thermographic Safety Parameters of Surgical Energy Devices during Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery in a Porcine Model by Hsin-Yi Tseng

In thyroid and parathyroid surgery, surgical energy devices (SEDs) provide more efficient hemostasis than conventional clamp-and-tie hemostasis in areas with rich blood supply. However, when a SED is activated near the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), the heat generated by the SED may injure the nerve irreversibly. To safely apply SEDs in thyroid/parathyroid surgery, this article introduces experimental porcine model studies to investigate the activation and cooling safety parameters of SEDs in…

J Vis Exp. 2022 Oct 13;(188). doi: 10.3791/63732.

ABSTRACT

In thyroid and parathyroid surgery, surgical energy devices (SEDs) provide more efficient hemostasis than conventional clamp-and-tie hemostasis in areas with rich blood supply. However, when a SED is activated near the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), the heat generated by the SED may injure the nerve irreversibly. To safely apply SEDs in thyroid/parathyroid surgery, this article introduces experimental porcine model studies to investigate the activation and cooling safety parameters of SEDs in standardized electrophysiological (EP) and thermographic (TG) procedures, respectively. In the EP safety parameter experiments, continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (C-IONM) is applied to demonstrate the RLN function in real-time. The EP activation study evaluates the safe activation distance of SEDs; the EP cooling study evaluates the safe cooling time of SEDs. In the TG safety parameter experiment, a thermal imaging camera is used to record the temperature change after activating the SED. The TG activation study evaluates the lateral thermal spread distance after SED activation in a dry or humid environment and whether smoke and splashing are generated; the TG cooling study evaluates the cooling time. This will help establish the safety parameters of newly developed SEDs used in thyroid/parathyroid surgery and provide safety guidelines to avoid RLN injury and related complications.

PMID:36314785 | DOI:10.3791/63732

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