Glutathione-sensitive nanoparticles enhance the combined therapeutic effect of checkpoint kinase 1 inhibitor and cisplatin in prostate cancer by Shirong Peng

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignant tumor among males. Traditional treatments for PCa, which include surgery and endocrine therapy, have shown limited success, and more effective therapies are needed. Cisplatin (DDP) is an approved chemotherapeutic drug that causes DNA damage in cancer, whereas AZD7762, an inhibitor of CHK1, can significantly inhibit DNA repair. The effective therapeutic combination of cisplatin and the DNA damage response inhibitor AZD7762 has been…

APL Bioeng. 2022 Nov 21;6(4):046106. doi: 10.1063/5.0126095. eCollection 2022 Dec.

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignant tumor among males. Traditional treatments for PCa, which include surgery and endocrine therapy, have shown limited success, and more effective therapies are needed. Cisplatin (DDP) is an approved chemotherapeutic drug that causes DNA damage in cancer, whereas AZD7762, an inhibitor of CHK1, can significantly inhibit DNA repair. The effective therapeutic combination of cisplatin and the DNA damage response inhibitor AZD7762 has been considered to be a potential solution to the resistance to cisplatin and the adverse reactions that occur in many cancers. However, the co-transmission of cisplatin and AZD7762 and the unsatisfactory tumor-targeting efficacy of this therapy remain problems to be solved. Here, we confirmed the combined therapeutic efficacy of cisplatin and AZD7762 in PCa. Furthermore, we show that the glutathione-targeted Cys8E nanoparticles we synthesized, which have high drug-loading capacity, remarkable stability, and satisfactory release efficiency, enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of this treatment and reduced the required dosages of these drugs both in vitro and in vivo. Overall, we propose combination therapy of cisplatin and AZD7762 for PCa and facilitate it using Cys8E nanoparticles, which allow for better drug loading release, higher release efficiency, and more accurate tumor-targeting efficacy.

PMID:36440378 | PMC:PMC9686925 | DOI:10.1063/5.0126095

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