Diarrhoea-causing microorganisms are rare in adult patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis: a prospective observational cohort study by Siv Fonnes

APMIS. 2023 Mar 18. doi: 10.1111/apm.13311. Online ahead of print.


AIM: We investigated if diarrhoea-causing bacteria, including Yersinia species, could mimic the symptoms of appendicitis and lead to surgery.

METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study included adult patients undergoing surgery for suspected appendicitis. Rectal swabs were analysed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Yersinia, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and Aeromonas spp. Blood samples were analysed routinely and with an in-house ELISA serological test for Yersinia enterocolitica antibodies. We compared patients without appendicitis and patients with appendicitis confirmed by histopathology. The outcomes included PCR-confirmed infection with Yersinia spp., serologic-confirmed infection with Y. enterocolitica, PCR-confirmed infection with other diarrhoea-causing bacteria, and Enterobius vermicularis confirmed by histopathology.

RESULTS: A total of 224 patients were included, 51 without and 173 with appendicitis, and followed for 10 days. PCR-confirmed infection with Yersinia spp. was found in one patient (2%) without appendicitis and no patients (0%) with appendicitis (p=0.23). Serology was positive for Yersinia enterocolitica for the same patient without appendicitis and two patients with appendicitis (p=0.54). Campylobacter spp. were detected in 4% vs. 1% (p=0.13) of patients without and with appendicitis, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Infection with Yersinia spp. and other diarrhoea-causing microorganisms in adult patients undergoing surgery for suspected appendicitis was rare.

PMID:36932839 | DOI:10.1111/apm.13311