Deep learning image reconstruction algorithm for carotid dual-energy computed tomography angiography: evaluation of image quality and diagnostic performance by Chenyu Jiang

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with 80% ASIR-V, we recommend DLIR-H for clinical carotid DECTA reconstruction, which can significantly improve the image quality of carotid DECTA at 50 keV but maintain a desirable diagnostic performance and arterial depiction.

Insights Imaging. 2022 Nov 26;13(1):182. doi: 10.1186/s13244-022-01308-2.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate image quality and diagnostic performance of carotid dual-energy computed tomography angiography (DECTA) using deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR) compared with images using adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-Veo (ASIR-V).

METHODS: Carotid DECTA datasets of 28 consecutive patients were reconstructed at 50 keV using DLIR at low, medium, and high levels (DLIR-L, DLIR-M, and DLIR-H) and 80% ASIR-V algorithms. Mean attenuation, image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) at different levels of arteries were measured and calculated. Image quality for noise and texture, depiction of arteries, and diagnostic performance toward carotid plaques were assessed subjectively by two radiologists. Quantitative and qualitative parameters were compared between the ASIR-V, DLIR-L, DLIR-M, and DLIR-H groups.

RESULTS: The image noise at aorta and common carotid artery, SNR, and CNR at all level arteries of DLIR-H images were significantly higher than those of ASIR-V images (p = 0.000-0.040). The quantitative analysis of DLIR-L and DLIR-M showed comparable denoise capability with ASIR-V. The overall image quality (p = 0.000) and image noise (p = 0.000-0.014) were significantly better in the DLIR-M and DLIR-H images. The image texture was improved by DLR at all level compared to ASIR-V images (p = 0.000-0.008). Depictions of head and neck arteries and diagnostic performance were comparable between four groups (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with 80% ASIR-V, we recommend DLIR-H for clinical carotid DECTA reconstruction, which can significantly improve the image quality of carotid DECTA at 50 keV but maintain a desirable diagnostic performance and arterial depiction.

PMID:36435892 | DOI:10.1186/s13244-022-01308-2

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