Circ_0008450 regulates keloid-derived fibroblast proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis with increased IGFBP5 through sponging miR-1224-5p by Jian Li

Burns. 2022 Dec 30:S0305-4179(22)00333-3. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2022.12.014. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Keloids (KD) are benign fibroproliferative tumors and circular RNAs (circRNAs) may participate in KD progression. At present, whether circ_0008450 regulates keloid-derived fibroblast phenotypes remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the functions of circ_0008450 in keloid (KD)-derived fibroblast phenotypes and the underlying mechanism.

METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or western blot assay was performed to determine the expression of circ_0008450, miR-1224-5p, insulin like growth factor binding protein 5 (IGFBP5) and extracellular matrix (ECM)-related markers. 5-Ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay was conducted to assess cell proliferation ability. Flow cytometry analysis was used to analyze cell cycle and cell apoptosis. Scratch assay and transwell assay were utilized to examine cell migration and invasion. Mechanism assays were executed to verify the relations of circ_0008450, miR-1224-5p and IGFBP5.

RESULTS: Circ_0008450 was highly expressed in KD tissues and KD-derived fibroblasts. Circ_0008450 silencing inhibited KD-derived fibroblast proliferation, cell cycle, and motility and promoted apoptosis. The effect of circ_0008450 knockdown on KD-derived fibroblast processes was ameliorated by miR-1224-5p downregulation. IGFBP5 was a target gene of miR-1224-5p. IGFBP5 upregulation abated miR-1224-5p-mediated effects on KD-derived fibroblast processes.

CONCLUSION: Circ_0008450 promoted KD-derived fibroblast proliferation, migration, and invasion and repressed apoptosis via sponging miR-1224-5p and elevating IGFBP5.

PMID:36918335 | DOI:10.1016/j.burns.2022.12.014