Changes in mean and variance of ophthalmic disease incidences during COVID-19 pandemic in Korea by Hyo Geun Choi

This study undertook to determine the changes in the numbers of outpatient visits for various ophthalmic diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with before. The monthly outpatient visits for 14 common ophthalmic diseases were enumerated based on the ICD-10 codes in Korean National Health Insurance Service data. The differences in the mean outpatient visits and disease variance ‘before’ and ‘during COVID-19’ were calculated. Subsequently, subgroup analyses according to age and sex were…

Sci Rep. 2022 Nov 27;12(1):20364. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24975-z.

ABSTRACT

This study undertook to determine the changes in the numbers of outpatient visits for various ophthalmic diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with before. The monthly outpatient visits for 14 common ophthalmic diseases were enumerated based on the ICD-10 codes in Korean National Health Insurance Service data. The differences in the mean outpatient visits and disease variance ‘before’ and ‘during COVID-19’ were calculated. Subsequently, subgroup analyses according to age and sex were performed. The number of outpatient visits for conjunctivitis, scleritis & episcleritis, keratitis, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and traumatic ophthalmic disease were lower during than before COVID-19 (all P < 0.001). The lower numbers of outpatient visits for ophthalmic disorders during COVID-19 were consistent across the age and sex subgroups. All ophthalmic diseases other than endophthalmitis showed no change of variation ‘during’ relative to ‘before’ COVID-19. In conclusion, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the ophthalmic outpatient visits decreased for infectious and inflammatory diseases, screening diseases, and traumatic diseases. However, COVID-19 is not considered to have had a significant effect on variation.

PMID:36437348 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-24975-z

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