Category: Sleep

Self-reported changes in sleep patterns and behavior in children and adolescents during COVID-19 by Kathrin Bothe

The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns worldwide forced children and adolescents to change and adapt their lives to an unprecedented situation. Using an online survey, we investigated whether they showed changes in sleep quality and other related factors due to this event. Between February 21st, 2021 and April 19th, 2021, a total of 2,290 Austrian children…

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The Efficacy of Cryogenic Plasma Tonsillectomy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome in Children: A Meta-Analysis by Zhiqing Liu

The objective of this meta-analysis is to investigate the clinical efficacy of cryogenic plasma tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in children. The literature search was conducted through China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. The search was from the establishment of each database to June 2022.…

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Sleep disordered breathing and haemoglobin A1c levels within or over normal range and ageing or sex differences: the Nagahama study by Takeshi Matsumoto

Recently an association between blood glucose dysregulation and sleep disruption was suggested. The association between sleep disordered breathing, most of which is due to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the general population, and diabetic severity, as well as the impact of antidiabetic treatment, remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate these associations as well as…

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Older adults who resistance train improve physical function and adopt long-term exercise habits despite COVID-19 restrictions by Kristin Miller

Exercise interventions targeting older adults often focus on acute changes, but lasting improvements require the adoption of long-term, independent exercise habits. This study aimed to assess the influence of eight-weeks of resistance training (SSSH) on clinically relevant fall-risk indicators in older adults and to evaluate if SSSH participation altered independent exercise engagement 12 months later.…

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A case-control analysis of the associations between Fibromyalgia Syndrome and Osteoporosis by Adi Lichtenstein

CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant correlation between FMS and osteoporosis. Early detection of predisposing factors for osteoporosis in FMS patients and implementation of suitable treatments and prevention measures (such as dietary supplements, resistance or weight bearing exercise, and bone-mineral enhancing pharmacological therapy) may reduce both occurrence rate and severity of osteoporosis and its complications, such…

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Orexin Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Depression: A Leading Article Summarising Pre-clinical and Clinical Studies by Harry Fagan

The orexin (hypocretin) system comprises two neuropeptides (orexin-A and orexin-B) and two G-protein coupled receptors (the orexin type 1 and the orexin type 2 receptor). The system regulates several biological functions including appetite, the sleep-wake cycle, the stress response, and motivation and reward processing. Dysfunction of the orexin system has been implicated in the pathophysiology…

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A cross-cohort replicable and heritable latent dimension linking behaviour to multi-featured brain structure by Eliana Nicolaisen-Sobesky

Identifying associations between interindividual variability in brain structure and behaviour requires large cohorts, multivariate methods, out-of-sample validation and, ideally, out-of-cohort replication. Moreover, the influence of nature vs nurture on brain-behaviour associations should be analysed. We analysed associations between brain structure (grey matter volume, cortical thickness, and surface area) and behaviour (spanning cognition, emotion, and alertness)…

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