Category: Eating behavior

How multiple threats to safety affects quality of life for picky eating adults: A new explanatory model by Gemma Fox

Picky eating describes a pattern of eating characterised by a narrow dietary range with rejection of both novel and familiar foods. Research has suggested that picky eating in adulthood is associated with several negative psychosocial outcomes including impaired quality of life. This research aimed to build and test a model explaining the relationship between picky…

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Molecular and Neural Bases of Nutrition-Based Feeding Decision-Making by Tsutomu Sasaki

Obesity and life style-related diseases have become major burdens to global health. Not having effective diet therapy that patients can adhere to makes life-style modification difficult. Many diet therapies are developed based on solid scientific evidence in terms of nutrition. However, how to execute such nutritionally-effective diet therapy is not established, nor based on solid…

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A Review on Eating Together and Its Health, Diet, and Lifestyle Influences among Japanese by Kumi Eto

To discuss the importance associated with eating together for the Japanese population based on recent research evidence, we conducted a systematic review on eating together and eating alone in relation to health, diet, and lifestyle. In this review, we defined “eating together” as eating meals together with other people, not limited to family members but…

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New Environmental-Related Approaches to Improved Eating Behavior and Nutrition across One’s Life Course by Ribeka Takachi

It is worthwhile to discuss new environmental-related approaches to eating behavior that are effective throughout one’s life course for better nutrition. Salt-reduction programs for children may benefit from strategies that actively engage families and teachers, according to a school-based cluster randomized controlled trial (School-EduSalt) in China to reduce salt intake in children and their families.…

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Plant genetic diversity affects multiple trophic levels and trophic interactions by Nian-Feng Wan

Intraspecific genetic diversity is an important component of biodiversity. A substantial body of evidence has demonstrated positive effects of plant genetic diversity on plant performance. However, it has remained unclear whether plant genetic diversity generally increases plant performance by reducing the pressure of plant antagonists across trophic levels for different plant life forms, ecosystems and…

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Intracerebroventricular injection taurine changes free amino acid concentrations in the brain and plasma in chicks by Mohamed Z Elhussiny

Brain amino acid metabolism has been reported to regulate body temperature, feeding behavior and stress response. Central injection of taurine induced hypothermic and anorexigenic effects in chicks. However, it is still unknown how the amino acid metabolism is influenced by the central injection of taurine. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the…

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Eating disorders in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic by Fragiskos Gonidakis

COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic consequences have been influencing considerably the Greek population and especially those people that are vulnerable or are actually suffering from a mental disorder. Considering eating disorders (ED) there are reports of a number of factors that increase the stress experienced by patients. The most important of them are:1 A. Quarantine…

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Role of feeding specialization in taste receptor loss: insights from sweet and umami receptor evolution in Carnivora by Mieczyslaw Wolsan

Controversy and misunderstanding surround the role of feeding specialization in taste receptor loss in vertebrates. We refined and tested the hypothesis that this loss is caused by feeding specializations. Specifically, feeding specializations were proposed to trigger time-dependent process of taste receptor loss through deprivation of benefit of using the receptor’s gustatory function. We propose that…

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Stress, Eating Behavior and Adverse Health in Parents of Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder by Anna van der Lubbe

Mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience chronic stress and are at risk for adverse health. However, little is known about fathers, especially when their child is in early childhood. Parenting stress, eating behavior and physical health was evaluated in mothers (n = 48) and fathers (n = 43) of young children…

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Capturing Eating Behavior from Video Analysis: A Systematic Review by Michele Tufano

Current methods to detect eating behavior events (i.e., bites, chews, and swallows) lack objective measurements, standard procedures, and automation. The video recordings of eating episodes provide a non-invasive and scalable source for automation. Here, we reviewed the current methods to automatically detect eating behavior events from video recordings. According to PRISMA guidelines, publications from 2010-2021…

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