Category: Vital

The Ethanol Extract of Syringa oblata Heartwood, a Mongolian Folk Medicine Containing Major Lignans, Exerts the Analgesic and Sedative Effects on Mice by Xingyun Chai

The heartwood of Syringa oblata Lindl. (SO) is one of Mongolian folk medicine to treat insomnia and pain, but related pharmacological evaluation and mechanism of action remains unclear. In the present study, the locomotor activity test and the threshold dose of pentobarbital sodium induced sleep test in mice were used to evaluate the sedative effect…

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Comparative Efficacy of the Stromal-Vascular Fraction Cells of Lipoaspirate and Hyaluronic Acid in the Treatment of Gonarthrosis: Results of an Interim Analysis by E Ya Shevela

The use of cell technologies, in particular the stromal-vascular fraction of adipose tissue, is a new direction in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the weight-bearing joints. Stromal-vascular fraction cells have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects and are able to differentiate into connective tissue cells, including cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. Our clinical study showed the safety and…

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A cost-utility analysis between decompression only and fusion surgery for elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and sagittal imbalance by Young Il Won

Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and sagittal imbalance are relatively common in elderly patients. Although the goals of surgery include both functional and radiological improvements, the criteria of correction may be too strict for elderly patients. If the main symptom of patients is not forward-stooping but neurogenic claudication or pain, lumbar decompression without adding fusion procedure…

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The Efficacy of Cryogenic Plasma Tonsillectomy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome in Children: A Meta-Analysis by Zhiqing Liu

The objective of this meta-analysis is to investigate the clinical efficacy of cryogenic plasma tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in children. The literature search was conducted through China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. The search was from the establishment of each database to June 2022.…

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Survey of Delivery Outcomes for Employees at MR Imaging Facilities in Japan Based on Information Recorded in the Maternal and Child Health Handbook by Sachiko Yamaguchi-Sekino

The effect of maternal occupational non-ionizing radiation (NIR) exposure from MRI on premature birth and low birth weight delivery was analyzed based on questionnaire survey (263 employees, 443 births). Although the highest occurrence rates of both outcomes were observed in the group whose NIR exposure occurred only before pregnancy, no statistical significance was detected.

Optimal Diet for Achieving Favorable Pregnancy Outcomes in East Asian Women-A Literature Review by Hidemi Takimoto

Ensuring nutritional adequacy during pregnancy is one of the necessary factors to achieve favorable pregnancy outcomes. In order to clarify the current optimal diet for achieving favorable pregnancy outcomes among East Asian women, we conducted a systemic literature review. English and Japanese articles were searched using PubMed and Igaku Chuo Zasshi. A total of 167…

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Executive summary of the SEEN (Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición[Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition])-SEGO (Sociedad Española deGinecología y Obstetricia [Spanish Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics]) consensusdocument on the management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy by Inés Velasco

During pregnancy, thyroid function disorders are associated with multiple complications, both maternal and foetal. In recent years, numerous Clinical Practice Guidelines have been developed to facilitate the identification and correct management of thyroid disease in pregnant women. However, this proliferation of guidelines has led to confusion by proposing different cut-off points for reference values and…

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Determinants of the use of contraceptive methods by adolescents in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: results of a cross-sectional survey by Dieudonné M Mpunga

CONCLUSION: The progress in the use of contraceptive methods by adolescent girls is not yet sufficient in the DRC. Socio-demographic factors, such as living in rural areas, poor knowledge of FP, and low-income are preventing teenagers from using FP methods. These findings highlight the need to fight against such barriers; and to make contraceptive services…

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Structural equation model based on salutogenesis theory for evaluating factors affecting health-related quality of life in adolescents with moyamoya disease by Won-Oak Oh

Moyamoya disease is a cerebrovascular disorder and a significant chronic health concern requiring regular monitoring to control the disease and its related complications. We examined a hypothetical model by integrating the concepts of a structural health-related quality-of-life model based on the salutogenesis theory, and to identify how social support, sense of coherence, and stress contribute…

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A cost-utility analysis between decompression only and fusion surgery for elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and sagittal imbalance by Young Il Won

Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and sagittal imbalance are relatively common in elderly patients. Although the goals of surgery include both functional and radiological improvements, the criteria of correction may be too strict for elderly patients. If the main symptom of patients is not forward-stooping but neurogenic claudication or pain, lumbar decompression without adding fusion procedure…

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