Category: Surgery

Molecular subgrouping of medulloblastoma in pediatric population using the NanoString assay and comparison with immunohistochemistry methods by Joo Whan Kim

BMC Cancer. 2022 Nov 28;22(1):1221. doi: 10.1186/s12885-022-10328-6. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: Molecular subgrouping of medulloblastoma has become important due to its impact on risk group stratification. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been widely used but it has innate limitations. The NanoString assay has been proposed as an alternative method. This study aims to present the characteristics of medulloblastoma subgrouped…

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Choice of intraoperative ultrasound adjuncts for brain tumor surgery by Manoj Kumar

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2022 Nov 28;22(1):307. doi: 10.1186/s12911-022-02046-7. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gliomas are among the most typical brain tumors tackled by neurosurgeons. During navigation for surgery of glioma brain tumors, preoperatively acquired static images may not be accurate due to shifts. Surgeons use intraoperative imaging technologies (2-Dimensional and navigated 3-Dimensional ultrasound) to assess and…

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The role of single fraction Gamma Knife radiosurgery for intraventricular central neurocytomas and the utility of F-18 fluroethyltyrosine: two case reports by Michaela Dedeciusova

J Med Case Rep. 2022 Nov 28;16(1):441. doi: 10.1186/s13256-022-03665-4. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Primary treatment of central neurocytomas is surgical resection. Gamma Knife surgery is considered a valuable therapeutic option in case of residual (after subtotal resection) or recurrent central neurocytomas. Here, we focused on the role of F-18 fluroethyltyrosine as a marker to document tumor progression…

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An objective analysis of composite free flap donor site morbidity in head and neck surgery: Prospective series by Joshua Russell

Head Neck. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1002/hed.27254. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: A poor evidence basis exists regarding the objective donor site morbidity associated with osseous free flap harvest. This study prospectively assessed the objective donor site morbidity associated with osseous free flap harvest for the fibula, scapula, and iliac crest (DCIA) donor sites.…

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Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography for monitoring an embolized renal artery aneurysm: A case report and literature review by Xin-Zhi Yang

J Int Med Res. 2022 Nov;50(11):3000605221136711. doi: 10.1177/03000605221136711. ABSTRACT This case report describes a 69-year-old male patient with a renal artery aneurysm that was followed up with contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography at 8 months after coil embolization treatment. Due to the disappearance of residual lumen with few metal artifacts, the therapeutic effect was satisfactory. At…

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Elective neck dissection for T3-T4N0 laryngeal carcinoma: evidence from Japan’s National Head and Neck Cancer Registry by Yuki Saito

Int J Clin Oncol. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1007/s10147-022-02275-w. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although total laryngectomy is the standard treatment for advanced laryngeal cancer, the significance of elective neck dissection (END) for N0 laryngeal cancer remains unclear in Japan, which is an aging society. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective nationwide observational study on…

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Sporadic and MEN1-related gastrinoma and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: differences in clinical characteristics and survival outcomes by S Massironi

J Endocrinol Invest. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1007/s40618-022-01961-w. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT PURPOSE: Gastrinoma with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) may occur sporadically (Sp) or as part of the inherited syndrome of multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN-1). Data comparing Sp and MEN-1/ZES are scanty. We aimed to identify and compare their clinical features. METHODS: Consecutive patients…

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Clinical, radiographic, pathological and inherited characteristics of odontogenic keratocyst in nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome: a study in three Chilean families by Angela Castillo-Tobar

Oral Radiol. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1007/s11282-022-00664-5. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by the development of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), basal cell carcinomas and palmar-plantar pits among other conditions. Reports about Latin American population are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical, radiographic, histopathologic…

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Use of artificial intelligence and deep learning in fetal ultrasound imaging by R Ramirez Zegarra

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1002/uog.26130. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT Deep learning is considered the leading artificial intelligence tool in general image analysis. Deep learning algorithms excel at image recognition, which makes them a valuable tool in the medical imaging field. Obstetrical ultrasound, especially for fetal imaging, has become the gold standard…

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Functional Constipation as a Risk Factor for Pyelonephritis and Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection in Children by Sofie Axelgaard

Acta Paediatr. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1111/apa.16608. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT AIM: Acute pyelonephritis is one of the most common bacterial infections in childhood. This potentially serious condition can lead to renal scarring, loss of kidney function and hypertension. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with pyelonephritis in children…

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New surgical technique in restoring the chin lost due to trauma by using a subperiosteal problast implant by Sabah Hassan

J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2022 Nov 24;29(4):e83-e85. doi: 10.47750/jptcp.2022.987. eCollection 2022. ABSTRACT Bone grafts are the most common techniques used in maxillofacial surgery in restoring any lost or defective bone. This novel surgical technique utilizes a new modified problast to restore the contour of the defected chin. PMID:36435991 | DOI:10.47750/jptcp.2022.987