Category: Psychiatry

Intrapersonal synchrony analysis reveals a weaker temporal coherence between gaze and gestures in adults with autism spectrum disorder by Carola Bloch

The temporal encoding of nonverbal signals within individuals, referred to as intrapersonal synchrony (IaPS), is an implicit process and essential feature of human communication. Based on existing evidence, IaPS is thought to be a marker of nonverbal behavior characteristics in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but there is a lack of empirical evidence. The aim of…

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Additive effects of EEG neurofeedback on medications for ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis by Feng-Li Lin

To elucidate possible additive effects of electroencephalogram-based neurofeedback (EEG-NF) on medications against the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalKey, Cochrane CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to March 2022. The primary outcomes were changes in ADHD symptoms (i.e., global, inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity)…

Ventral tegmental area glutamate neurons mediate nonassociative consequences of stress by Dillon J McGovern

Exposure to trauma is a risk factor for the development of a number of mood disorders, and may enhance vulnerability to future adverse life events. Recent data demonstrate that ventral tegmental area (VTA) neurons expressing the vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGluT2) signal and causally contribute to behaviors that involve aversive or threatening stimuli. However, it…

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Obsessive-compulsive symptoms are negatively correlated with motor severity in patients with generalized dystonia by Taku Matsuda

We aimed to clarify the correlations between motor symptoms and obsessive-compulsive symptoms and between the volumes of basal ganglia components and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. We retrospectively included 14 patients with medically intractable, moderate and severe generalized dystonia. The Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale and Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory were used to evaluate the severity of dystonia and…

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The effect of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life in the Athens area – Greece by Eugenia Triantafillou

This study examines the associations of the COVID -19 pandemic stressors with mental health and quality of life (QoL) of the general population in different demographic areas of Athens. The random sample of the study consisted of 602 participants, 389 (64,6%) women and 213 (35,4%) men residing in Attica (Greece). It was conducted with telephone…

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Eating disorders in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic by Fragiskos Gonidakis

COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic consequences have been influencing considerably the Greek population and especially those people that are vulnerable or are actually suffering from a mental disorder. Considering eating disorders (ED) there are reports of a number of factors that increase the stress experienced by patients. The most important of them are:1 A. Quarantine…

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Internet gaming disorder, exercise and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: The role of symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress by Christina Masklavanou

One of the issues that have risen the past few decades due to excessive use of technological advances is internet gaming disorder (IGD). Past research has concluded that there is a negative association between IGD and exercise as well as a positive association between IGD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the existing studies…

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A Multi-Dimensional Model of Fatigue in Old Age: Implications for Brain Aging by Feng V Lin

As the most reported symptom in old age, fatigue is understudied in terms of both mechanisms and measures. Population heterogeneity and methodological inconsistency makes understanding the relationship between fatigue and brain aging challenging. The present article comprehensively reviews existing conceptual and operational frameworks of fatigue, as well as mechanistic heterogeneities of fatigue that exist in…

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An online survey on clinical and healthy individuals with auditory verbal hallucinations: Abuse did not lead to more negative voice content by Julie Øverbø Næss

Despite the clinical and theoretical importance of the negative content in auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), little research has been conducted on the topic. A handful of studies suggest that trauma or adverse life events contribute to negative content. The findings are somewhat inconsistent, however, possibly due to methodological limitations. Moreover, only trauma occurring in childhood…

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