Category: Preventive medicine

The long-term effects of Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program on diabetes incidence and cardiometabolic risk: a study protocol by Tilahun Haregu

INTRODUCTION: India currently has more than 74.2 million people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). This is predicted to increase to 124.9 million by 2045. In combination with controlling blood glucose levels among those with T2DM, preventing the onset of diabetes among those at high risk of developing it is essential. Although many diabetes prevention…

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Ginsenoside Rg1 Ameliorates Pancreatic Injuries via the AMPK/mTOR Pathway in vivo and in vitro by Jin Chen

CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed that G-Rg1 exhibits strong anti-apoptosis ability in pancreatic tissues of type 1 diabetic mice and HG-induced RIN-m5F cells, and the mechanisms involved in activating AMPK and inhibiting mTOR-mediated autophagy, indicating that G-Rg1 may have the therapeutic and preventive potential for treating pancreatic injury in diabetic patients.

The effect of mixed vaccination rollout strategy: A modelling study by Nico Stollenwerk

Vaccines have measurable efficacy obtained first from vaccine trials. However, vaccine efficacy (VE) is not a static measure and long-term population studies are needed to evaluate its performance and impact. COVID-19 vaccines have been developed in record time and the currently licensed vaccines are extremely effective against severe disease with higher VE after the full…

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A framework for nationwide COVID-19 vaccine safety research in the Republic of Korea: the COVID-19 Vaccine Safety Research Committee by Na-Young Jeong

With the introduction of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) commissioned the National Academy of Medicine of Korea to gather experts to independently assess post-vaccination adverse events. Accordingly, the COVID-19 Vaccine Safety Research Committee (CoVaSC) was launched in November 2021 to perform safety studies and establish evidence for…

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Integrating contraceptive services into existing perinatal care: protocol for a community-based cluster randomised controlled trial in Shanghai, China by Longmei Jin

INTRODUCTION: Postpartum contraception is essential to preventing unintended pregnancies and short interpregnancy intervals. The first year after childbirth is a critical period with a high risk of unintended pregnancy and induced abortion. However, the postpartum contraceptive services are weak in China’s existing maternal and child healthcare system. We propose to evaluate the effects of integrating…

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CATERPILLAR-study protocol: an assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial comparing taurolidine-citrate-heparin to heparin-only lock solutions for the prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infections in paediatric oncology patients by Ceder Hildegard van den Bosch

INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of taurolidine containing lock solutions for the prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) in paediatric oncology patients is still unknown. If the taurolidine-citrate-heparin lock appears to decrease the incidence of CLABSIs, we hope to increase the quality of life of children with cancer by subsequently reducing the central venous access device…

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Sociodemographic factors associated to knowledge and attitudes towards dengue prevention among the Peruvian population: findings from a national survey by Daniel Fernandez-Guzman

CONCLUSIONS: Our study found a high proportion of poor knowledge and few preventive attitudes towards dengue in the Peruvian population. That highlights the requirement to implement national strategies to educate people about dengue and promote preventive attitudes, considering the factors found.

Comparative safety of gout treatment strategies on cardiovascular outcomes using observational data: Clone-censor-weight target trial emulation approach by Kazuki Yoshida

CONCLUSION: Our treatment strategy trial emulation did not find increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events with intensive urate-lowering strategies. Results may provide reassurance of the cardiovascular safety of intensive treat-to-target serum urate strategies recommended by rheumatology societies.

Tuberculosis notifications in regional Victoria, Australia: Implications for public health care in a low incidence setting by Nompilo Moyo

CONCLUSION: Tuberculosis in regional Victoria is common among the overseas-born population, and patients with extrapulmonary TB in regional areas experienced a non-significant minor delay in treatment commencement with no apparent detriment to treatment outcomes. Improving access to LTBI management in regional areas may reduce the burden of TB.