Category: Preventive medicine

Preliminary Evaluation of the “Eat, Sleep, Walk” Health Literacy Development Project Using ICT and Nudges by Hiroshi Fukuda

Health and Productivity Management has been promoted in Japan since 2014. Certification criteria for Health and Productivity Management include the improvement of employee health literacy. This report provides an overview of the “Eat, Sleep, Walk” health literacy development project using ICT+incentives+nudges developed for companies, and describes its preliminary evaluation and challenges.

Variation in patient reported outcomes following radical prostatectomy: A bi-national registry-based study by Michael E O’Callaghan

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Radical prostatectomy (RP) is a common and widely used treatment for localized prostate cancer. Sequela following RP may include urinary incontinence and sexual dysfunction, outcomes which are recorded within a bi-national Prostate Cancer Outcomes Registry. The objective was to report population-wide urinary incontinence and sexual function outcomes recorded at 12 months following…

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Fibrosis-4 index efficiently predicts chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis development based on a large-scale data of general population in Japan by Nobutake Yamamichi

A non-invasive method to evaluate the fibrosis stage and the risk stratification of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is required. A total of 416,066 generally healthy subjects who underwent health check-ups between 1990 and 2019 were investigated. Fatty liver prevalence greatly increased from the 1990s (21.9%) to the 2000s (37.1%) but showed no considerable change…

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Additive effects of EEG neurofeedback on medications for ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis by Feng-Li Lin

To elucidate possible additive effects of electroencephalogram-based neurofeedback (EEG-NF) on medications against the core symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalKey, Cochrane CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to March 2022. The primary outcomes were changes in ADHD symptoms (i.e., global, inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity)…

Effect of printing layer thickness on the trueness and fit of additively manufactured removable dies by Burak Yilmaz

CONCLUSIONS: Removable dies fabricated by using a 100-μm or 50- to 100-μm combined layer thickness had trueness that was either similar to or better than that of dies fabricated with a 50-μm layer thickness. When the die was on the cast, the 50-μm layer thickness resulted in the best crown portion trueness. However, because the…

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A multi-country, prospective cohort study to evaluate the economic implications of relapse among children recovered from severe acute malnutrition: a study protocol by Chloe Puett

BACKGROUND: Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) is an effective intervention at recovering children from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and preventing mortality. However, there is growing evidence that for many children recovery is not sustained post-discharge. This study will assess the economic implications of relapse by calculating the average cost of treating a case of…

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