Category: Physical medicine and rehabilitation

Self-reported changes in sleep patterns and behavior in children and adolescents during COVID-19 by Kathrin Bothe

The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns worldwide forced children and adolescents to change and adapt their lives to an unprecedented situation. Using an online survey, we investigated whether they showed changes in sleep quality and other related factors due to this event. Between February 21st, 2021 and April 19th, 2021, a total of 2,290 Austrian children…

Read the full article

Self-assessment of the health status and leisure activities of individuals on haemodialysis by Alexandre Cardoso da Cunha

Self-assessment of health status is an important marker of social and health aspects. Haemodialysis is an option for renal replacement therapy that alters daily life and impacts social participation and the performance of tasks that give the subject a socially accepted role. In this scenario, leisure activities have the potential to generate well-being and are…

Read the full article

Patient-Reported Outcomes of Breast Reconstruction: Does the Quality of Decisions Matter? by Shibani R Chettri

CONCLUSIONS: Breast reconstruction was associated with better PROs in some but not all domains. Overall, making a high-quality decision was not associated with better PROs. However, patients who did not have reconstruction had a trend toward better well-being after making a high-quality decision, whereas patients who did have reconstruction had poorer well-being after making a…

Read the full article

Sex differences in perceived expectations of the outcome of total hip and knee arthroplasties and their fulfillment: an observational cohort study by Daisy A J M Latijnhouwers

The influence of sex on preoperative expectations and their fulfillment following total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) remains unexplored. We investigated differences between men and women in perceived preoperative expectations on the outcome of THA/TKA and their fulfillment 1 year postoperatively. We performed a cohort study. Expectations were collected preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively using…

Read the full article

The First Experience of Application the Umbilical Cord-Derived Human Autologous Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for the Rehabilitation Therapy of Premature Infants with Extremely Low Body Weight and Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy by M G Devyaltovskaya

Two clinical cases of the use of cell therapy with umbilical cord-derived autologous mesenchymal stromal cells in the rehabilitation therapy of extremely premature newborns (27-28 weeks gestation, body weights 900 and 870 g, respectively) with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy are described. The girls were born by caesarean section; the 1-min Apgar score was 6 points. After resuscitation…

Read the full article

A cost-utility analysis between decompression only and fusion surgery for elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and sagittal imbalance by Young Il Won

Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and sagittal imbalance are relatively common in elderly patients. Although the goals of surgery include both functional and radiological improvements, the criteria of correction may be too strict for elderly patients. If the main symptom of patients is not forward-stooping but neurogenic claudication or pain, lumbar decompression without adding fusion procedure…

Read the full article

Applying transcranial magnetic stimulation to rehabilitation of poststroke lower extremity function and an improvement: Individual-target TMS by Shun Qi

Stroke is the leading cause of disability globally in need of novel and effective methods of rehabilitation. Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) has been adopted as a Level B recommendation for lower limb spasticity in guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Nonetheless, the methodological differences and deficits of existing work…

Read the full article