Category: Internal medicine

Nurses’ strategies to enable continuous positive airway pressure therapy in a general medical ward context: A qualitative study by Amanda Feldt

CONCLUSION: Nurses described the strategy of a dynamic team that could be enlarged or decreased in tandem with other professionals, depending on the situation and the nurses’ needs. Nurses need to have an attentive response to the patients’ physical, psychosocial and relational needs and to maintain trust for a positive therapy outcome.

Theory of radio-frequency pulses on periodically driven three-level systems: challenges and perspectives by Mohit Bansal

Understanding the evolution of nuclear spins subjected to radio-frequency (RF) pulses in periodically driven multi-level systems has remained a challenging problem in magnetic resonance. Here in this report, we focus on a formal description of the excitation of double-quantum (DQ) transitions in three-level systems. Through generalized time-propagators derived from Floquet theory, the excitation during a…

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The change in Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index is associated with mortality in patients who start hemodialysis: Korean Renal Data Registry, 2016-2018 by AJin Cho

Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and is associated with mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between changes in nutrition status measured by the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and all-cause mortality in patients who started HD. A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted based on the Korean Renal Data System…

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Comparison of machine learning methods with logistic regression analysis in creating predictive models for risk of critical in-hospital events in COVID-19 patients on hospital admission by Aaron W Sievering

CONCLUSIONS: Although the LR and ML models analysed showed no strong differences in performance and the most influencing predictors for COVID-19-related event prediction, our results indicate a predictive benefit from taking account for non-linear predictor-to-event relationships and effects. Future efforts should focus on leveraging data-driven ML technologies from static towards dynamic modelling solutions that continuously…

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Applying transcranial magnetic stimulation to rehabilitation of poststroke lower extremity function and an improvement: Individual-target TMS by Shun Qi

Stroke is the leading cause of disability globally in need of novel and effective methods of rehabilitation. Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) has been adopted as a Level B recommendation for lower limb spasticity in guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Nonetheless, the methodological differences and deficits of existing work…

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Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) use Among Members of a Community Engagement Program by Rebecca J Austin-Datta

Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are relatively new and ENDS use data from community engagement programs may help us understand usage patterns and facilitate targeted longitudinal studies. Community members in Florida, USA, were asked about ENDS use, tobacco use, and health history/concerns by Community Health Workers. Among 7253 members recruited during 2014 to 2021 into…

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Extract of Ficus septica modulates apoptosis and migration in human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by Li-Yuan Bai

According to the alarming statistical analysis of global cancer, there are over 19 million new diagnoses and more than 10 million deaths each year. One such cancer is the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which requires new therapeutic strategies. Ficus septica extract has been used in traditional medicine to treat infectious diseases. In this study,…

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