Category: Treatment

Rapid recovery in a patient with severe COVID-19 after a low-load, high-frequency rehabilitation program using an ergometer in the supine position by Akira Saito

Background Rehabilitation therapy for patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is crucial; however, studies regarding rehabilitation strategies for intensive care unit (ICU) patients with COVID-19 are limited. We report a case of severe COVID-19 in an ICU patient whose physical function and basic movement ability rapidly improved after the initiation of active aerobic exercise…

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Qualitative descriptive study during the COVID-19 pandemic on the needs of informal caregivers of Chinese minors who underwent craniopharyngioma surgery by Kun Du

CONCLUSIONS: In China, informal caregivers of young patients with onset craniopharyngioma require both the multidisciplinary cooperation of medical institutions and the multi-departmental cooperation of society. Information and medical technology advancements may benefit families with young patients. Improving community hospitals’ medical services and encouraging the practical use of online medical treatment and prescriptions are both necessary…

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The Year in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia: Selected Highlights from 2022 by Archer Kilbourne Martin

This special article is the 15th in an annual series for the Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. The authors thank the editor-in-chief Dr. Kaplan and the editorial board for the opportunity to continue this series, namely the research highlights of the past year in the specialties of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesiology. The major themes…

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25 years International Bladder Cancer Network (IBCN): The past, the present, and the future by Lars Dyrskjøt

In 1997 an international group of scientists organized a meeting in Barcelona, Spain, to discuss the use of biomarkers in the management of patients with bladder cancer. This meeting was the offspring of an – initially informal – group that finally resulted in the foundation and incorporation of the International Bladder Cancer Network (IBCN) e.V.…

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Fatigue, sleep quality and mental health symptoms in Brazilian women during the COVID-19 pandemic: longitudinal study by Gabriel Bernardi Dos Santos

To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the variables of sleep quality, fatigue, anxiety, and depression in healthy Brazilian women. Longitudinal observational study conducted through an online questionnaire with women in 2020 and 2021. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Fatigue Severity Scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used. The…

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Autopsy-based histopathological characterization of myocarditis after anti-SARS-CoV-2-vaccination by Constantin Schwab

Cases of myocarditis, diagnosed clinically by laboratory tests and imaging have been described in the context of mRNA-based anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Autopsy-based description of detailed histological features of vaccine-induced myocarditis is lacking. We describe the autopsy findings and common characteristics of myocarditis in untreated persons who received anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Standardized autopsies were performed on 25 persons…

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Older adults who resistance train improve physical function and adopt long-term exercise habits despite COVID-19 restrictions by Kristin Miller

Exercise interventions targeting older adults often focus on acute changes, but lasting improvements require the adoption of long-term, independent exercise habits. This study aimed to assess the influence of eight-weeks of resistance training (SSSH) on clinically relevant fall-risk indicators in older adults and to evaluate if SSSH participation altered independent exercise engagement 12 months later.…

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COVID-19 related decline in cancer screenings most pronounced for elderly patients and women in Germany: a claims data analysis by Jennifer Muschol

CONCLUSION: Because the elderly are at higher risk for cancer, the omission of early detection might lead to higher treatment costs, reduced quality of life, and higher mortality. In addition, women’s medical care in particular has been negatively affected, for example, by the interruption of mammography screenings and the lack of catch-up effects. Therefore, resources…

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Meeting Report: Third International Congress of the International Society of Uterus Transplantation, Tübingen by Mats Brännström

Uterus transplantation (UTx) is currently the only available treatment for absolute uterine factor infertility. The International Society of Uterus Transplantation (ISUTx) was formally founded in 2017 and joined the Transplantation Society as a formal section in 2021. The Third International Congress of the ISUTx was held in Tübingen, Germany, in October 2021, as a hybrid…

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Eating disorders in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic by Fragiskos Gonidakis

COVID-19 pandemic and its socio-economic consequences have been influencing considerably the Greek population and especially those people that are vulnerable or are actually suffering from a mental disorder. Considering eating disorders (ED) there are reports of a number of factors that increase the stress experienced by patients. The most important of them are:1 A. Quarantine…

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Living with HIV during COVID-19: knowledge and worry about COVID-19, adherence to COVID-19-related precautions, and HIV health outcomes by Salih Atakan Nemli

The COVID-19 pandemic has been profound impacts on mental and physical health of individuals with chronic diseases. Thus, it is important to understand the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on people living with HIV. We aimed to assess the association between COVID-19-related knowledge and worry, HIV-related health practices and outcomes, and adherence to precautions related…

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Nasal vaccines: solutions for respiratory infectious diseases by Rika Nakahashi-Ouchida

Nasal vaccines induce pathogen-specific dual protective immunity at mucosal surfaces and systemically throughout the body. Consequently, nasal vaccines both prevent pathogen invasion and reduce disease severity. Because of these features, nasal vaccines are considered to be a next-generation tool for preventing respiratory infectious diseases, including COVID-19. However, nasal vaccines must overcome key safety concerns given…

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