Category: Pediatrics

Molecular subgrouping of medulloblastoma in pediatric population using the NanoString assay and comparison with immunohistochemistry methods by Joo Whan Kim

CONCLUSIONS: The NanoString assay of Korean medulloblastoma patients revealed a more aggressive clinical course in the SHH subgroup which may be explained by a higher proportion of large cell/anaplastic histology being present in this subgroup. IHC did not distinguish Group 3 or 4 accurately. The NanoString assay may represent a good alternative method for practical…

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The relationships between parents’ and children’s screen times on body mass index: a cross-sectional path analysis by Kaori Ishii

CONCLUSIONS: Both fathers’ and mothers’ weekday screen times indirectly affected children’s BMI through children’s weekday screen time among Japanese elementary school children. The strongest indirect effects could be seen by examining the paths of a mother’s weekday screen time through children’s screen time to BMI. Mothers who spend much time with their children are role…

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Are mothers under lunchbox pressure? An exploration of the experiences of Victorian mothers preparing lunchboxes for their children by Kimberley R Watson-Mackie

CONCLUSION: Findings of this study indicate that mothers are concerned with balancing nutrition and child preferences within the broader context of guidelines, perceived or real judgement, and income constraints. SO WHAT?: The school environment may be an ideal setting to promote healthy eating but support for parents is needed. This is the first study in…

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A year of experience with COVID-19 in patients with cancer: A nationwide study by Mina Khosravifar

CONCLUSION: Given the immunocompromised state of patients with malignancy and their vulnerability to Covid-19 complications, collecting data on the comorbidities and their effects on the disease outcome can build on a better clinical view and help clinicians make decisions to manage these cases better; for example, determining special clinical care, especially in the shortage of…

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Additive or Interactive Associations of Food Allergies with Glutathione S-Transferase Genes in Relation to ASD and ASD Severity in Jamaican Children by Sepideh Saroukhani

To investigate additive and interactive associations of food allergies with three glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes in relation to ASD and ASD severity in Jamaican children. Using data from 344 1:1 age- and sex-matched ASD cases and typically developing controls, we assessed additive and interactive associations of food allergies with polymorphisms in GST genes (GSTM1, GSTP1…

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Dimensionality and psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Τype 1 Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale (DSAS-1-Gr) by Emmanouil S Benioudakis

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1D) is one of the most common chronic diseases affecting children and adolescents. The daily management of T1D requires continuous insulin therapy, as well as the inevitable adjustment of daily activities according to glycaemic control, both of which may result in experiencing T1D related stigma. A significant proportion of people with…

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Personal exposure to household air pollution and lung function in rural Bangladesh: A population-based cross-sectional study by Shyfuddin Ahmed

We assessed whether personal exposure to household air pollution [PM(2.5) and black carbon (BC)] is associated with lung functions (FEV(1), FVC, and their ratio) in non-smoking adults in rural Bangladesh. We measured personal exposure to PM(2.5) using gravimetric analysis of PM(2.5) mass and BC by reflectance measurement between April 2016 and June 2019. The average…

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