Category: Internal medicine

The change in Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index is associated with mortality in patients who start hemodialysis: Korean Renal Data Registry, 2016-2018 by AJin Cho

Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and is associated with mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between changes in nutrition status measured by the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and all-cause mortality in patients who started HD. A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted based on the Korean Renal Data System…

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Comparison of machine learning methods with logistic regression analysis in creating predictive models for risk of critical in-hospital events in COVID-19 patients on hospital admission by Aaron W Sievering

CONCLUSIONS: Although the LR and ML models analysed showed no strong differences in performance and the most influencing predictors for COVID-19-related event prediction, our results indicate a predictive benefit from taking account for non-linear predictor-to-event relationships and effects. Future efforts should focus on leveraging data-driven ML technologies from static towards dynamic modelling solutions that continuously…

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Applying transcranial magnetic stimulation to rehabilitation of poststroke lower extremity function and an improvement: Individual-target TMS by Shun Qi

Stroke is the leading cause of disability globally in need of novel and effective methods of rehabilitation. Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) has been adopted as a Level B recommendation for lower limb spasticity in guidelines on the therapeutic use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Nonetheless, the methodological differences and deficits of existing work…

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Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) use Among Members of a Community Engagement Program by Rebecca J Austin-Datta

Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are relatively new and ENDS use data from community engagement programs may help us understand usage patterns and facilitate targeted longitudinal studies. Community members in Florida, USA, were asked about ENDS use, tobacco use, and health history/concerns by Community Health Workers. Among 7253 members recruited during 2014 to 2021 into…

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Extract of Ficus septica modulates apoptosis and migration in human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by Li-Yuan Bai

According to the alarming statistical analysis of global cancer, there are over 19 million new diagnoses and more than 10 million deaths each year. One such cancer is the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which requires new therapeutic strategies. Ficus septica extract has been used in traditional medicine to treat infectious diseases. In this study,…

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Investigating predictors of well-being in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: the role of undiagnosed depression by Anastasia Antoniou

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common metabolic disorder with various medical and psychological adverse effects. Well-being in patients with T2DM is often compromised. The aim of the present study was to investigate clinicodemographic predictors of well-being in patients with T2DM with no known psychiatric history and explore the mediatory role of undiagnosed anxiety…

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The effect of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life in the Athens area – Greece by Eugenia Triantafillou

This study examines the associations of the COVID -19 pandemic stressors with mental health and quality of life (QoL) of the general population in different demographic areas of Athens. The random sample of the study consisted of 602 participants, 389 (64,6%) women and 213 (35,4%) men residing in Attica (Greece). It was conducted with telephone…

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Dimensionality and psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Τype 1 Diabetes Stigma Assessment Scale (DSAS-1-Gr) by Emmanouil S Benioudakis

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1D) is one of the most common chronic diseases affecting children and adolescents. The daily management of T1D requires continuous insulin therapy, as well as the inevitable adjustment of daily activities according to glycaemic control, both of which may result in experiencing T1D related stigma. A significant proportion of people with…

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Parameters in predicting the risk of a prolonged hospital stay in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a single-centre experience by Aida Mujaković

Aim To identify clinical and laboratory parameters on admission and/or during a hospital stay that would predict prolonged hospital stay in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases and Tuberculosis, Clinical Centre University of Sarajevo for the period 2019-2021…

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