Category: Geriatrics

Can Well-Being, Positive Affect, or Contact with the Elderly Be Potential Predictors of Attitudes towards Older People? A Study on the Polish Population by Podhorecka Marta

CONCLUSIONS: The conducted study did not show any correlation between mood, sense of well-being, or contact with the elderly and attitude towards the elderly. The results of our study may become the basis for further research to find the relationship between the mood and well-being shown in attitudes towards the elderly. Perhaps, however, the assumption…

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Attenuated initial serum ferritin concentration in critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 geriatric patients with comorbid psychiatric conditions by Osama A Abulseoud

We examined the effects of psychiatric comorbidity, sex, and ICU admission on serum ferritin concentration in 628 elderly patients (79.7 ± 8.5 years) with positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR test. Hospitalization was required in 96% of patients and 17% required ICU admission. Patients with COVID-19 and psychiatric comorbidities (n = 212) compared to patients without psychiatric comorbidities…

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Nurses’ strategies to enable continuous positive airway pressure therapy in a general medical ward context: A qualitative study by Amanda Feldt

CONCLUSION: Nurses described the strategy of a dynamic team that could be enlarged or decreased in tandem with other professionals, depending on the situation and the nurses’ needs. Nurses need to have an attentive response to the patients’ physical, psychosocial and relational needs and to maintain trust for a positive therapy outcome.

Emerging Sonodynamic Therapy-Based Nanomedicines for Cancer Immunotherapy by Yunrong Yang

Cancer immunotherapy effect can be greatly enhanced by other methods to induce immunogenic cell death (ICD), which has profoundly affected immunotherapy as a highly efficient paradigm. However, these treatments have significant limitations, either by causing damage of the immune system or limited to superficial tumors. Sonodynamic therapy (SDT) can induce ICD to promote immunotherapy without…

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The association between weight-adjusted-waist index and abdominal aortic calcification in adults aged ≥ 40 years: results from NHANES 2013-2014 by Zheng Qin

The negative effects of obesity on the cardiovascular health have drawn much attention. Weight-adjusted-waist index (WWI) has been proved to reflect weight-independent centripetal obesity. However, the association between WWI and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) has not been reported before. Using data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2014, we aimed to determine the relationship…

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Phenotypic Characteristics of Dormant Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Surviving Multifraction X-Ray Irradiation by M V Pustovalova

Phenotypic characteristics of human non-small cell lung cancer cells, A549 (p53 wild-type) and H1299 (p53-deficient) as well as their descendants surviving after multifraction X-ray irradiation at a cumulative dose of 60 Gy (sublines A549HR and H1299HR, respectively) were studied before and after additional 2 Gy single dose irradiation. In 24 h after the additional irradiation,…

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The change in Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index is associated with mortality in patients who start hemodialysis: Korean Renal Data Registry, 2016-2018 by AJin Cho

Malnutrition is common in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and is associated with mortality. This study aimed to investigate the association between changes in nutrition status measured by the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and all-cause mortality in patients who started HD. A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted based on the Korean Renal Data System…

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New guidelines for the perioperative care of people living with frailty undergoing elective and emergency surgery-a commentary by Judith S L Partridge

Frailty is common in the older population and is a predictor of adverse outcomes following emergency and elective surgery. Identification of frailty is key to enable targeted intervention throughout the perioperative pathway from contemplation of surgery to recovery. Despite evidence on how to identify and modify frailty, such interventions are not yet routine perioperative care.…

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