Brachytherapy as a curative option for ocular surface squamous neoplasia by Ahmad Rahal

CONCLUSION: Brachytherapy with Ruthenium^(106)-plaques offers an additional option for adjunct treatment of limbal and bulbar OSSN presenting with only a focal spread. Organ salvage can be achieved with a low complication rate and recurrence-free survival. This technique offers globe salvage in patients with tumours involving intraocular infiltration.

Int Ophthalmol. 2022 Nov 27. doi: 10.1007/s10792-022-02585-y. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) has a high recurrence rate if only treated with surgical excision, especially in cases with positive excision margins. To reduce recurrence, we used brachytherapy after surgical excision for limbal and bulbar lesions in addition to chemotherapy/immunotherapy, cryotherapy, or external beam radiotherapy as adjunctive or primary therapies.

METHODS: Nine eyes with isolated OSSN lesions were included in the study. Adjunctive brachytherapy with Ruthenium106-plaques was administered. The follow-up included regular biomicroscopic slit-lamp examination and photo-documentation. Additionally, a staging check for metastasis was performed in cases with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

RESULTS: The average age of patients at the time of presentation was 66 ± 12 years. Follow-up time was 52.8 ± 44.6 months. The maximal tumour base varied between 3 and 28 mm. SCC was confirmed by histology in all cases. No recurrences were recorded during the follow-up, and organ salvage and eye function preservation were achieved. Radiotherapy-induced complications included secondary glaucoma (n = 1) and scleral melting (n = 1). Other complications, such as radiogenic retinopathy, were not observed.

CONCLUSION: Brachytherapy with Ruthenium106-plaques offers an additional option for adjunct treatment of limbal and bulbar OSSN presenting with only a focal spread. Organ salvage can be achieved with a low complication rate and recurrence-free survival. This technique offers globe salvage in patients with tumours involving intraocular infiltration.

PMID:36436169 | DOI:10.1007/s10792-022-02585-y

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