Alterations of the fecal microbiota in relation to acute COVID-19 infection and recovery by Yue Sandra Yin

People with acute COVID-19 due to SARS-CoV-2 infection experience a range of symptoms, but major factors contributing to severe clinical outcomes remain to be understood. Emerging evidence suggests associations between the gut microbiome and the severity and progression of COVID-19. To better understand the host-microbiota interactions in acute COVID-19, we characterized the intestinal microbiome of patients with active SARS-CoV-2 infection in comparison to recovered patients and uninfected… Continue reading →

Comparison of machine learning methods with logistic regression analysis in creating predictive models for risk of critical in-hospital events in COVID-19 patients on hospital admission by Aaron W Sievering

CONCLUSIONS: Although the LR and ML models analysed showed no strong differences in performance and the most influencing predictors for COVID-19-related event prediction, our results indicate a predictive benefit from taking account for non-linear predictor-to-event relationships and effects. Future efforts should focus on leveraging data-driven ML technologies from static towards dynamic modelling solutions that continuously learn and adapt to changes in data environments during the evolving… Continue reading →

Impact of good governance, economic growth and universal health coverage on COVID-19 infection and case fatality rates in Africa by Bereket Gebremichael

CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that good governance practices, favourable economic indicators and UHC have a bearing on COVID-19 infection rate and CFR. Effective health system response through a primary healthcare approach and progressively taking measures to grow their economy and increase funding to the health sector to mitigate the risk of similar future pandemics would require African countries to move towards UHC, improve governance practices and ensure economic growth in order to… Continue reading →

A year of experience with COVID-19 in patients with cancer: A nationwide study by Mina Khosravifar

CONCLUSION: Given the immunocompromised state of patients with malignancy and their vulnerability to Covid-19 complications, collecting data on the comorbidities and their effects on the disease outcome can build on a better clinical view and help clinicians make decisions to manage these cases better; for example, determining special clinical care, especially in the shortage of health services. Continue reading →

The Ethanol Extract of Syringa oblata Heartwood, a Mongolian Folk Medicine Containing Major Lignans, Exerts the Analgesic and Sedative Effects on Mice by Xingyun Chai

The heartwood of Syringa oblata Lindl. (SO) is one of Mongolian folk medicine to treat insomnia and pain, but related pharmacological evaluation and mechanism of action remains unclear. In the present study, the locomotor activity test and the threshold dose of pentobarbital sodium induced sleep test in mice were used to evaluate the sedative effect of ethanol extract of SO (ESO), and the hot plate test, acetic acid-induced writhing test and formalin test in mice were to evaluate the analgesic… Continue reading →

Comparative Efficacy of the Stromal-Vascular Fraction Cells of Lipoaspirate and Hyaluronic Acid in the Treatment of Gonarthrosis: Results of an Interim Analysis by E Ya Shevela

The use of cell technologies, in particular the stromal-vascular fraction of adipose tissue, is a new direction in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the weight-bearing joints. Stromal-vascular fraction cells have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects and are able to differentiate into connective tissue cells, including cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. Our clinical study showed the safety and good tolerability of intra-articular administration of autologous stromal-vascular fraction… Continue reading →

A cost-utility analysis between decompression only and fusion surgery for elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and sagittal imbalance by Young Il Won

Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and sagittal imbalance are relatively common in elderly patients. Although the goals of surgery include both functional and radiological improvements, the criteria of correction may be too strict for elderly patients. If the main symptom of patients is not forward-stooping but neurogenic claudication or pain, lumbar decompression without adding fusion procedure may be a surgical option. We performed cost-utility analysis between lumbar decompression and lumbar fusion… Continue reading →

The Efficacy of Cryogenic Plasma Tonsillectomy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome in Children: A Meta-Analysis by Zhiqing Liu

The objective of this meta-analysis is to investigate the clinical efficacy of cryogenic plasma tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in children. The literature search was conducted through China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. The search was from the establishment of each database to June 2022. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) meeting the criteria for partial/total cryo-plasma… Continue reading →

Opioid versus non-opioid analgesia for spine surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials by Kamath Sriganesh

CONCLUSION: The certainty of evidence on GRADE assessment is low for studied outcomes. Available evidence supports intraoperative non-opioid analgesia for overall postoperative pain outcomes in spine surgery. More research is needed to find the best drug combination and dosing regimen. Prospero Registration: CRD42020209042. Continue reading →

Potential association of eEF1A dimethylation at lysine 55 in the basal area of Helicobacter pylori-eradicated gastric mucosa with the risk of gastric cancer: a retrospective observational study by Yuka Hirashita

CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that H. pylori infection induced eEF1A dimethylation in gastric mucosa. The accumulation of dimethyl-eEF1A in the basal area of the mucosa might contribute to GC risk via regulation of reprograming factors in H. pylori eradicated-gastric mucosa. Continue reading →